Dipartimento di Chimica Fisica M. Rolla


Workgroup on functional materials for electrochemical devices


Piercarlo Mustarelli is Associate Professor of Physical Chemistry at the University of Pavia. He is Responsible of the NMR Laboratory at "Centro Grandi Strumenti" of the University of Pavia, and leader of the Thin Films Laboratory at the Department of Physical Chemistry. His main fields of interest are: application of solid state NMR spectroscopy to the materials; ii) physico-chemical, structural and transport properties of polymer electrolytes for lithium batteries and fuel cells; iii) silica-based materials for sensing and photonics; iv)  biomaterials. He is Author or co-Author of more than 130 publications on international journals, and of more than 250 communications at both national and international Conferences.



Recent papers of the group


1.         C. Leonelli, G. Lusvardi, M. Montorsi, M.C. Menziani, L. Menabue, P. Mustarelli, L. Linati, Influence of small additions of Al2O3 on the properties of the Na2O-3SiO2 glasses, J. Phys. Chem., 105 (2001) 919-927.

2.         A. Magistris, P. Mustarelli, F. Parazzoli, E. Quartarone, P. Piaggio, A. Bottino, Structure, porosity and conductivity of PVdF films for polymer electrolytes, J. Power Sources, 97-8 (2001) 657-660.

3.         P. Mustarelli, C. Tomasi, A. Magistris, L. Linati, Carriers density and mobility in AgI:AgPO3 glasses: a NMR study, Phys. Rev. B, 63 (14), 4203 (2001).

4.         A. Magistris, P: Mustarelli, E. Quartarone, P. Piaggio, A. Bottino, PVDF-based porous polymer electrolytes, Electrochim. Acta, 46 (2001) 1635-1639.

5.         T. Tadic, M. Jaksic, Z. Medunic, E. Quartarone, P. Mustarelli, Microbeam studies of polymer interfaces with Li anode and spinel cathode for Li ion battery applications using PIGE and PIXE spectroscopy, Nucl. Instrum.& Methods B, 181 (2001) 404-407.

6.         C. Tomasi, P. Mustarelli, A. Magistris, M.P. Infante Garcia, Electric, thermodynamic and NMR evidence of anomalies in (x)AgI (1-x)AgPO3 glasses, J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 293 (2001) 785-791.

7.         S. Grandi, P. Mustarelli, A. Magistris, Sol-gel preparation of GeO2-doped SiO2 glasses, Phil. Mag. B, 82 (2002) 607-615.

8.         C. Tomasi, P. Mustarelli, M.P. Infante Garcia, A. Magistris, A. Mandanici, Low-temperature ionic conductivity in AgI : AgPO3 glasses, Phil. Mag. B. 82 (2002) 475-483.

9.         A. Feltri, S. Grandi, P. Mustarelli, M. Cutroni, A. Mandanici,GeO2-doped silica glasses an ac conductivity study, Solid State Ionics, 154-155 (2002) 217-221.

10.       E. Quartarone, P. Mustarelli, A. Magistris, Transport properties of porous PVdF membranes, J. Phys. Chem. B, 106 (2002) 10828-10833.

11.       S. Grandi, P.Mustarelli, A. Magistris, M. Gallorini, E. Rizzio, Synthesis of GeO2-doped SiO2 aerogels and xerogels for optical glasses, J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 303 (2002) 208-217.

12.       A. Magistris, P. Mustarelli, E. Quartarone, Y. Saito, H. Kataoka, PVdF-based porous polymer electrolytes for lithium batteries, Solid State Ionics 152-153 (2002) 347-354.

13.       C. Tomasi, P. Mustarelli, A. Magistris, O. Ricci, Devitrification and phase equilibria in the xAgI (1-x)AgPO3 system, J. Phys. Chem. B, 106 (2002) 2962-2966.

14.       M. Cutroni, A. Mandanici, P. Mustarelli, C. Tomasi, Conductivity dynamical response in (AgI)x(AgPO3)1-x  glasses, Solid State Ionics 154-155 (2002) 713-717.

15.       M. Cutroni, A. Mandanici, P. Mustarelli, C. Tomasi, G. Federico, Ionic conduction and dynamical regimes in silver phosphate glasses, J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 307-310 (2002) 963-970.

16.       D. Capsoni, M. Bini, G. Chiodelli, P. Mustarelli, V. Massarotti, C.B. Azzoni, M.C. Mozzati, L. Linati, Inhibition of Jahn-Teller cooperative distortion in LiMn2O4 spinel by Ga+ doping, J. Phys. Chem., 106 (2002) 7432-7438.

17.       P. Ghigna, P. Mustarelli, C. Tomasi, E. Quartarone, M. Scavini, A Speghini and M. Bettinelli, A combined NMR and XAFS study on the local structure of Ge and Pb in PbO - GeO2 glasses and their relationships with thermal properties and devitrification products, J. Phys. Chem. B, 106 (2002) 9802-9809.

18.       Y. Saito, H. Kataoka, E. Quartarone, P. Mustarelli, Carrier migration mechanism of physically cross-linked polymer gel electrolytes based on PVDF membranes, J. Phys. Chem. B, 106 (2002) 7200-7204.

19.       L. Barbieri, A. Corradi, I. Lancellotti, C. Leonelli, C. Siligardi, P. Mustarelli, C. Tomasi, Glass formation and devitrification in K2O-ZrO2-SiO2 system, Phys. Chem. Glasses, 43c (2002) 462-465.

20.       S. Agnello, A. Cannizzo, M. Cannas, S. Grandi, P. Mustarelli, Sol-gel GeO2-doped SiO2 glasses for optical applications, J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 26 (2003) 915-918.

21.       M. Scavini, L. Mollica, R. Bianchi, G.A. Costa, M.Ferretti, P.Mele, A. Ubaldini, P. Ghigna, L. Malavasi and P. Mustarelli, Characterisation of Al defects in SmBa2Cu3-xAlxO6+d superconductor, Int J Mod Phys B 17 (2003) 936.

22.       D. Capsoni, M. Bini, G. Chiodelli, P. Mustarelli, V. Massarotti, C.B. Azzoni, M.C. Mozzati, L. Linati, Jahn-Teller effect in in Al3+-doped LiMn2O4 spinel, Solid State Communications,  126 (2003) 169-174.

23.       M. Cannas, S. Agnello, R. Boscaino, F.M. Gelardi, S. Grandi, P. Mustarelli, Ultraviolet emission lifetime in Si and Ge oxygen deficient centers in silica, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids  322(1-3) (2003) 129-133.

24.       A. Anedda, C.M. Carbonaro, F. Clemente, R. Corpino, S. Grandi, P. Mustarelli, A. Magistris,  OH-dependence of ultraviolet emission in porous silica, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids 322(1-3) (2003) 68-72.

25.       L. Barbieri, V. Cannillo, C. Leonelli, M. Montorsi, P. Mustarelli, C. Siligardi,  Experimental and MD Simulations Study of CaO-ZrO2-SiO2 Glasses, Journal of Physical Chemistry B 107(27)  (2003) 6519-6525.

26.       P. Mustarelli, M.P. Infante Garcia, C. Tomasi, A. Magistris, L. Linati. NMR studies of ion conducting borate glasses, Physics and Chemistry of Glasses  44(2) (2003) 159-162.

27.       R. Di Maggio, L. Fambri, R. Campostrini, P. Mustarelli, Physico-chemical characterization of hybrid polymers obtained by 2-hydroxyethyl(methacrylate) and alkoxides of zirconium, Polymer, 44 (2003) 7311-7320

28.       B. Soresi, E. Quartarone, P. Mustarelli, A. Magistris, G. Chiodelli, PVDF and P(VDF-HFP)-        based proton exchange membranes, Solid State Ionics  166 (2004) 383-389.

29.       L. Barbieri, V. Cannillo, C. Leonelli, M. Montorsi, P. Mustarelli and C. Siligardi, Characterization by MAS NMR and Molecular Dynamics of CaO-ZrO2-SiO2 glasses, Phys. Chem. Glasses, 45 (2004) 138-140.

30.       E. Blazquez, P. Mustarelli, D. Pasini, P.P. Righetti, C. Tomasi, Polyethylene Glycol-Based Cyclopolymers as Novel Materials for Lithium Ion Battery Applications, Journal of Materials Chemistry, 14(16) (2004) 2524-2529.

31.       S. Grandi, C. Tomasi, P. Mustarelli, A. Dossena, and G. Cecchet, Thermal and Structural Study on Densification of Rare-Earth Doped PbO-SiO2 Aerogels, Thermochimica Acta    418(1-2) (2004),117-122. 

32.       E. Quartarone, P. Mustarelli, A. Magistris, F. Marabelli, M. Battagliarin, S. Turato, GeO2-doped SiO2 thin films deposited by RF sputtering: morphology and optical properties, Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology, A: Vacuum, Surfaces, and Films  22(6) (2004) 2234-2238. 

33.       S. Grandi, P. Mustarelli, C. Tomasi, G. Sorarù, G. Spanò, On the relationship between microstructure and densification of silica gels, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 343 (2004) 71-77.

34.       P. Mustarelli, L. Linati, V. Tartara, C. Tomasi, A. Magistris, Structure/transport relationships in silver-based oxide glasses: 1-D and 2-D NMR information, Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance 27(1-2),  (2005)  112-121.

35.       L. Linati, G. Lusvardi, G. Malavasi, L. Menabue, M.C. Menziani, P. Mustarelli, U. Segre, Qualitative and Quantitative Structure-Property Relationships (QSPR) analysis of multicomponent potential bioglasses, Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 109 (2005) 4989-4998. 

36.       R. Amantea, P. Ghigna, P. Mustarelli, V. Tartara Synthesis, 89Y and 51V-NMR of Er-doped Zircon-type YVO4 and LuVO4, J. Solid State Chem., 178 (2005) 1692-1696.

37.       A. Anedda, C. M. Carbonaro, F. Clemente, R. Corpino, S. Grandi, A. Magistris, P. Mustarelli,  Rhodamine 6G-SiO2 hybrids: A photoluminescence study, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids  (2005),  351(21-23),  1850-1854. 

38.       V. Massarotti, D. Capsoni, M. Bini, P. Mustarelli, G. Chiodelli, C.B. Azzoni, P. Galinetto, M.C. Mozzati, Transport and Structural Properties of Pure and Cr Doped Li3VO4, Journal of Physical Chemistry B ACS ASAP.  CODEN: JPCBFK  ISSN:1520-6106.  AN 2005:621832    CAPLUS

39.       A. Cannizzo, S. Agnello, S. Grandi, M. Leone, A. Magistris, V. A. Radzig, Luminescence activity of surface and interior Ge-oxygen deficient centers in silica, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids  351(21-23),  (2005)  1805-1809. 

40.       P. Mustarelli, C. Tomasi, A. Magistris, A new model for ions transport in AgI-based glasses, J. Phys. Chem. B, 109 (2005)17417-17421.

41.       S. Grandi, A. Magistris, P. Mustarelli, E. Quartarone, C. Tomasi, L. Meda. Synthesis and characterisation of SiO2-PEG hybrid materials, J. Non Cryst. Solids, 352 (2006) 273-280.

42.       D. Capsoni, M. Bini, V. Massarotti, P. Mustarelli, F. Belotti and P. Galinetto, Cation distribution in LiMgVO4 and LiZnVO4: Structural and spectroscopic study, J. Phys. Chem. B. 110 (2006) 5409-5415.

43.       A. Cannizzo, M. Leone, R. Boscaino, A. Paleari, N. Chiodini, S. Grandi, P. Mustarelli, Piercarlo, Luminescence and absorption spectroscopy of Sn-related impurity centers in silica.    Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids 352(21-22)  (2006)  2082-2089

44.       A. Carollo, E. Quartarone, C. Tomasi, P. Mustarelli, F. Belotti, A. Magistris, L. Garlaschelli and P.P. Righetti, Developments of new proton conducting membranes based on different polybenzimidazole structures for fuel cells applications, J. Power Sources, 160 (2006) 175-180.

45.       P. Mustarelli, C. Tomasi, M.P. Infante García, A. Magistris. A NMR, Conductivity and Molecular Dynamics Study of AgI-Ag2O-B2O3 Glasses, Physics and Chemistry of Glasses: European Journal of Glass Science and Technology, Part B  47(4),  (2006),  484-488. 

46.       S. Grandi, C. Tomasi, P. Mustarelli, F. Clemente, C.M. Carbonaro, Characterisation of a new sol-gel precursor for a SiO2-rhodamine 6G hybrid class II material, J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol., 41 (2007) 57-63.

47.       Eliana Quartarone, Arianna Carollo, Piercarlo Mustarelli, Aldo Magistris, Corrado Tomasi, Luigi Garlaschelli, Pier Paolo Righetti, Solid-State Ionics, edited by E. Traversa, Et al. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 972, Warrendale, PA, 2007, 0972-AA08-03 

48.       P.  Mustarelli, C. Tomasi, A. Magistris A microscopic interpretation of the bulk anomalies in AgI-Ag2O.2B2O3 glasses, Philosophical Magazine  (2007),  87(3-5),  787-794. 

49.       F. Messina, M. Cannas, R. Boscaino, S. Grandi, P. Mustarelli, Optical absorption induced by UV laser radiation in Ge-doped amorphous silica probed by in situ spectroscopy, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Preprint Archive, Condensed Matter  (2007) 1-4, arXiv:cond-mat/0703065.

50.       A. Anedda, C.M. Carbonaro, R. Corpino, P.C. Ricci, S. Grandi, P. Mustarelli, Formation of fluorescent aggregates in Rhodamine 6G doped silica glasses, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids  (2007),  353(5-7),  481-485.

51.       E. Quartarone, P. Mustarelli, S. Grandi, F. Marabelli, E. Bontempi, Effects of the deposition parameters on the growth of ultrathin and thin SiO2 films, Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology, A: Vacuum, Surfaces, and Films (2007), 25(3), 485-491.

52.       E. Quartarone, A. Carollo, C. Tomasi, F. Belotti, S. Grandi, P. Mustarelli, A. Magistris, Relationships between microstructure and transport properties of proton-conducting porous PVDF membranes, Journal of Power Sources 168(1) (2007) 126-134. 

53.       Elena Selli, Gian Luca Chiarello, Eliana Quartarone, Piercarlo Mustarelli, Ilenia Rossetti and Lucio Forni, A photocatalytic water splitting device for separate hydrogen and oxygen evolution, Chemical Communications 47 (2007) 5022–5024.

54.       Laura Linati, Gigliola Lusvardi, Gianluca Malavasi, Ledi Menabue, M. Cristina  Menziani, Piercarlo Mustarelli, Alfonso Pedone and Ulderico Segre, Medium range order in phospho-silicate bioactive glasses: insights from MAS-NMR spectra, chemical durability experiments and molecular dynamics simulations, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids 354 (2008) 84–89.



Group expertises and experiecnce


Materials synthesis

Sol-gel (xerogels, aerogels, supercritical drying)

Solid-state reaction

Thin films deposition (RF sputtering, spin coating)

Atmosphere-controlled wet chemistry



Solid-state NMR

Thermal analysis (DSC, MDSC, Hi-Res TGA, DSC/TGA)

Impedance spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry

IR spectroscopy



X-rays diffraction



Active research projects


MUR-FISR 2001 “Development of new materials and demonstration of prototypes for polymer fuel cells”

MUR FIRB 2005 “Thin film Lithium microbatteries for electronic labeling and physical parameters sensing of foods”

CARIPLO 2005 “Formation of young researchers in the field of polymer and solid oxide fuel cells”

Lombardy Region 2006 “From materials science to biomedicine”

CARIPLO 2006 “Electrolytes for lithium batteries based on ionic liquids”

CARIPLO 2007 “New electrolyte membranes for polymer fuel cells based on polybenzimidazole”






Lezioni di Informatica Chimica - Prof. Piercarlo Mustarelli

Lezioni di Fondamenti di Chimica Fisica - Prof. Piercarlo Mustarelli

Lezioni di Chimica e Tecnologia dei Polimeri - Prof. Piercarlo Mustarelli

Spettroscopia per lo stato solido - Prof. Piercarlo Mustarelli

Materiali biocompatibili - Prof. Piercarlo Mustarelli


Scuola di dottorato - Prof. Piercarlo Mustarelli

Laboratorio di Chimica Fisica